Botswana’s Diamond Mines - NASA Earth Observatory
Botswana ranks among the world’s top producers of gem-quality diamonds. In 2014, the southern African country produced $3.6 billion worth, according to data released by Kimberly Process, an international organization that records and certifies rough diamond shipments. With diamond production totaling $3.7 billion, only Russia produced more in 2014.Top five diamond mining countries of Africa profiled,Mar 09, 2020· South Africa. Diamond mining in South Africa has been operating for more than 150 years, with the first mine established by Cecil Rhodes in 1888 through his company De Beers — now the world’s biggest diamond miner. In 1905, the world’s largest diamond, the 3,016.75-carat Cullinan, was discovered in South Africa.,Kimberly Diamond Mines: Discovery and Exploitation (1860,,Sep 06, 2016· Diamond mines at Kimberly yielded more diamonds than any other operation before. Within a year of the first diamond claims more than 50,000 people were living in tents and make do shelters. Africans numbered about 30,000 and about 10% actually owned diamond claims, others were migrant laborers.